Charles P. Friedman, PhD
Department Chair of Learning Health Sciences
Josiah Macy Jr. Professor of Medical Education
Collaborative Lead for Infrastructure
Professor of Information
Professor of Public Health
Charles Friedman is the Josiah Macy Jr. Professor of Medical Education and Chair of the Department of Learning Health Sciences at the University of Michigan Medical School. He joined the University of Michigan in September of 2011 as Professor of Information and Public Health, and Director of the Michigan health informatics program. Chair of the MCBK (Mobilizing Computable Biomedical Knowledge) conference at NLM in Bethesda, 2019, 2020. Also, moderate national Learning Health Systems (LHS) meetings 2015-2019. Editor-in-Chief of new journal: Learning Health Systems Journal.
Charles “Chuck” Friedman is the Chair of the Department of Learning Health Sciences and the Josiah Macy Jr. Professor of Medical Education at the University of Michigan Medical School, as well as a professor of information and of public health. Dr. Friedman is focused on building a Learning Health System, a health system that can continuously study and improve itself, at the University of Michigan and in the state. Dr. Friedman first explored the concept of Learning Health Systems in 2010 through the Institute of Medicine while at the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC).
Under Dr. Friedman’s leadership, the department of Medical Education transformed into the Department of Learning Health Sciences, a “first in the nation” medical school academic department dedicated to the sciences of learning at all levels from learning by individuals, to learning by teams and organizations, and learning by ultra-large scale systems, such as entire nations.
At ONC, Dr. Friedman served as Deputy National Coordinator and Chief Scientific Officer. In addition to advancement of the Learning Health System, his work promoted several IT innovations including SMART Health IT, an open, standards based technology platform. He was lead author of the nation’s first health IT strategic plan. Prior to these executive positions at ONC, Friedman was associate vice chancellor for Biomedical Informatics and founding director of the Center for Biomedical Informatics at the University of Pittsburgh.
Dr. Friedman’s research emphasizes large-scale information infrastructures and resources to improve health, how individuals and groups interact with information resources, and methods for studying the outcomes of these interactions.
Dr. Friedman holds a Bachelor’s and Master’s of Science in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a Ph.D. in education from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and has done post-graduate studies in medical information science at Stanford University.
Dr. Charles Friedman teaches LHS 660: Research Methods for Learning Systems.
Areas of Interest
Research and scholarly interests: creation of a national-scale learning health system, development and sustainability of enterprise level knowledge resources, knowledge-based applications to support decisions by care providers and consumers, methods for studying the effectiveness of technologically-based interventions, technologically-based innovations in education
Subject-matter expertise: health and biomedical informatics, large scale information systems and architectures, systems thinking, national health information strategies and policies, evaluation and research methods, clinical reasoning and decision making, design of educational programs and curricula
Other professional highlights:
- Editor in Chief: Learning Health Systems Journal
- Founded the Master of Health Informatics program at University of Michigan
- Held executive positions at the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, including as the Deputy National Coordinator and as Chief Scientific Officer
- Former associate director for research informatics and information technology of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health.
- Former senior scholar at the National Library of Medicine
- Former professor, associate vice chancellor for biomedical informatics, and founding director of the Center for Biomedical Informatics at the University of Pittsburgh
- Former professor, assistant dean for medical education and informatics, and director of the Office of the Educational Development at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
Published Articles or Reviews
- Friedman CP, Elstein AS, Wolf FM, Murphy GC, Franz TM, Heckerling PS, Fine PL, Miller TM, Abraham V. Enhancement of Clinicians’ Diagnostic Reasoning by Computer-Based Consultation: A Multisite Study of 2 Systems. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1999. 282: 1851-1856.
- Friedman CP, Gatti GG, Franz TM, Murphy GC, Wolf FM, Heckerling PS, Fine PS, Miller TM, Elstein AS. Do physicians know when their diagnoses are correct? Implications for decision support and error reduction. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 20: 334-339.
- Friedman CP, Wyatt, JC. Evaluation Methods for Medical Informatics, Second Edition. 2005. New York: Springer-Verlag.
- Friedman CP. A ‘fundamental theorem’ of biomedical informatics. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2009. 16: 169-170.
- Friedman CP, Wong AK, Blumenthal D. Achieving a nationwide learning health system. Science Translational Medicine. 2010. 2: 1–3.
- Pageler NM, Friedman CP, Longhurst CA. Refocusing medical education in the EMR era. 2013. 310: 2249-50.
- Friedman CP, Rubin JC, Brown J, et al. Toward a Science of Learning Systems: A Research Agenda for the High-Functioning Learning Health System.Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 22: 43-50, 2015.
A complete list of publications is available upon request.
Go to: https://medicine.umich.edu/dept/lhs/charles-p-friedman-phd
Using analytics to connect individuals, communities, and populations
W Ed Hammond, PhD, FACMI, FAIMBE, FIMIA, FHL7
Director, Duke Center for Health Informatics, Duke Translational Medicine Institute
Director, Applied Informatics Research, Duke Health Technology Solutions
Associate Director, Bioinformatics Core, Duke Translational Medicine Institute
Professor, Department of Community and Family Medicine, School of Medicine
Professor Emeritus, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering
Adjunct Professor, Health Sector Management, Fuqua School of Business
Research Professor, Duke School of Nursing
Director, Academic Affairs, MMCi
Ed Hammond, PhD, FACMI, FAIMBE, FIMIA, FDHL7, is a pioneer in the design and implementation of electronic health records and standards, and a distinguished leader in the field of health informatics. His career began as a student at Duke University where he graduated with a BS and PhD in electrical engineering. He completed a post-doctoral program at Duke that included select preclinical courses in the School of Medicine. He joined the faculty of Community and Family Medicine and Pratt School of Engineering after graduation. He also has an appointment as Adjunct Professor in the Fuqua School of Business, and has been a faculty member at Duke for 45 years.
Under the direction of W. Ed Hammond, PhD, the Duke Center for Health Informatics (DCHI) is Duke’s academic home for health informatics, built on a distinguished history in applied research informatics. DCHI oversees an innovative interdisciplinary approach to education and research designed to bring together informaticians as well as physicians, nurses, and health care administrators with expertise in aggregation, analysis, and use of informatics to improve human health. DCHI is comprised of central leadership from participating academic programs and a cadre of expert faculty affiliated with the Center. DCHI promotes research and education in a broad range of environments, which provides students with a variety of options for practical experience to achieve specific career goals.
Dr. Hammond’s interest in electronic health records began in 1969 when he began the foundation of one of the first electronic health records, The Medical Record, or TMR. The system included medical histories of patients, a data dictionary, and administrative characteristics, and supported both ambulatory and inpatient care. Dr. Hammond and his team also developed a computer-programming language called GEMIsCH (Generalized Medical Information System for Community Health), a high level interactive database management language used with the TMR. The TMR was one of the first systems using a hierarchical data structure. Its use was nationwide with 44 facilities implementing the system.
Dr. Hammond is a founding member of Health Level Seven International (HL7) and a Fellow. He has been HL7 Chair three times, a member of the Board of Directors, Treasurer, and has served as the Co-chair of several HL7 committees and councils. He has been active in numerous academic and leadership roles, including:
- American College of Medical Informatics, or ACMI (Founding Fellow, President, Treasurer, and has served on and been Chair of several committees)
- American Medical Informatics Association, or AMIA (President, Treasurer, member of the Board of Directors, and has served on and has been Chair of several committees)
- American institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, or AIMBE (Founding Fellow)
- American National Standards Institute (Board Member and Executive Committee)
- ANSI Healthcare Informatics Standards Board (Board of Directors)
- Centre for Healthcare Informatics, Singapore (Industry Advisor Board)
- eHealth Initiative (Founding Board member; Chair, Data Standards Working Group; and member of Expert Panel)
- International Medical Informatics Association (Fellow and U.S. Representative of Working Group 10)
- Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (Healthcare Information Technology Advisory Panel)
- National Library of Medicine (Chair of IAIMS Review Committee, Member of the Long Range Planning Committee, and served on the Board of the Scientific Council)
- North Carolina Health Care Information and Communications Alliance (Requirements Working Group Chair and Board member)
- Institute of Medicine, or IOM (Committee on Patient Safety Data Standards)
- ISO Technical Committee 215 (two terms as the Convener, Ambassador to Developing Countries, and Chair of the Joint Initiative Council for ISO/CEN/HL7)
- Health Public Private Consortium (Chair of the Data Standards Working Group)
- Association of Computing Machinery, or ACM (Vice Chair and Chair of the Special Interest Group on Biomedical Engineering, or SIGBIO )
- Computer-based Patient Record Institute (Chair, served on the Executive Committee and was a Board member)
• Advisor to the American Hospital Association on health data standards and related matters
- Open Enterprise eHealth Architecture Framework Project (Rockefeller-sponsored, Chair of the Steering Committee)
Dr. Hammond has been the PI or Co-investigator on a number of NIH funded research projects, and a reviewer for numerous NIH and foundation review committees. He has testified a on a number of occasions for the National Committee on Vital Health Statistics, and has presented to several IOM committees. He has served on numerous editorial boards. His publications include over 300 peer-reviewed articles, technical articles, and book chapters. He is frequently sought after for his insight and experience in the field of informatics, and has served as a consultant to a number of national and international organizations over the years.
Dr. Hammond received the Morris F. Collen Award in 2003 from the American College of Medical Informatics. ACMI established this annual award in 1993 to recognize those who have made significant and sustainable contributions to the field. It is the highest honor to an individual for lifetime contributions to biomedical informatics. In 2003 Dr. Hammond also received the Paul Elwood Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Library of Medicine, and he is a three-time recipient of AMIA’s President’s Award. A recipient of numerous other professional awards, HL7’s Volunteer of the Year Award is named after Dr. Hammond.
Dr. Hammond’s expertise and research interests encompass: artificial intelligence, electronic health records, decision support, disease management, hospital information systems, national and regional information infrastructures, national and international standards, natural language processing, networking and computerization in ambulatory care, national health information infrastructure, patient safety, personal health records, phenotypes, population health, and visualization.